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医生护士常用口语会话八讲(3-4)

日期:2016-07-08 | 来源 :中国护士网 | 作者 :www.angel512.com |点击:
【Situation 场景三】
下列对话其实也是lesson2中的对话的延续,讲述的是医生询问病人病情的对话。在该对话中,医生通过询问获取病人的病情以及根源。
医生接着问了不同的问题以便作出正确的诊断。在对话中,医生使用如下常用表达方式,请您试着学习这些问题的提问方式:
"Are you……?"
"Have you……?"
"Can I……?"
"Do you……?"
在如下对话中,您将看到couple一词的使用方法,即构成“couple of”这样的短语,表示“许多”。如:
eg: A couple of days. 几天
eg: A couple of paracetamols. 一些扑热息痛(一种解热镇痛药)
eg: A couple of minutes. 几分钟
请大家注意医生的话。他说:
"I think you've probably just eaten something a bit rich for you."
“我想,您可能是吃了太多过于口味较重的东西了。”
本句中,rich一词指含有太多不同增味剂、佐料等的东西,所以,这里的rich food总是让人感觉到口味较重。
接着,医生还使用了“Have you taken……?”的问话方式,是现在完成时句子表达式,这也是英语口语常用的表达方式,表示“你是否吃过……?”等含意。

【Dialogue 对话】
Pharmacist: Are you drinking plenty of water-bottled water?
Patient: I've had a few sips of water-I feel terribly thirsty. Pharmacist: Have you taken anything? Did you bring anything with you from home?
Patient: I've only got these indigestion tablets.
Pharmacist: Can I see you the packet?
Patient: Here they are, look.
Parmacist: Have you taken anything for the headache?
Patient: I've taken a couple of paracetamols for the headache. That's all.
Parmacist: Do you feel tired?
Patient: Worn out. I can hardly keep my eyes open.
Parmacist: Well, I think you've probably just eaten something a bit rich for you. You know-you are not used to it. I'm sure you'll be all right in a couple of days with what I'm going to give you.

【Vocabulary 词汇】
indigestion 消化不良
tablet 药片
paracetamols 一些扑热息痛(一种解热镇痛药)
bottled 瓶装的
sips 一小口
hardly 几乎不
couple 一打
plenty 许多;大量
worn out 精疲力尽
terribly 非常(adv)
all right (病)好了

【Situation 场景四】
本对话是lesson3中的对话延续。本会话中讲述的是药房的医生如何弄清病人的病情而且根据病情为病人开处方的整个过程,请认真学习对话中的医生是如何为病人开处方的。
本对话中,病人问了一些问题,医生作出回答,采用如下的句型来询问病人的情况:
"What……?"
"Will I……?"
"Is that……?"
"Are you sure……?"
对话中,医生重复使用了“Trust Me”让病人相信他。而且使用了:
"They'll block you off pretty quick"
“吃了这些药,你很快就会没事的。”
句中的pretty是副词,意为"considerably",表示非常迅速、快之意。
"You must come straight back."
句子中,straight所表示的是:如果他(医生)所开的药不起作用,病人应该立刻回到药房来重新诊断。

【Dialogue 对话】
Patient: What's that?
Parmacist: It's a preparation called DIA-STOP. Take two with water now and then another before you go to bed. Then just one, morning, noon and night for three days after that. They'll block you off pretty quick. Now, it's improtant you don't eat anything for 24 hours-it's just go straight through you. You can drink water and nothing else for a couple of days.
Patient: No alcohol! Oh-
Pharmacist: And take these rehydration salts as well. Three a day in half a glass of bottled water, preferably not fizzy. The salts replace the minerals the diarrhoea has taken out- very important. Before you know where you are, you'll be as right as rain.
Patient: Will I? Is that all?
Pharmacist: That's all you need, I should say. Just trust me.
Patient: It doesn't seem much.
Pharmacist: No-but if all you have got is diarrhoea, I promise you it will work. If it doesn't work-and this is very important-you must come straight back here by this time tomorrow and we'll get a doctor to see you .
Patient: Are you sure that's all I need?
Pharmacist: Yes, Just trust me. Do you have any alergies?
Patient: No-not that I know of.

【Vocabulary 词汇】
preparation 预备;准备
re-hydration 补水;补充水分
minerals 矿物质
allergy 过敏;敏感
preferably 更可取地;更好地;宁可
alcohol 酒精;乙醚
fizzy 嘶嘶的;起泡沫的
straight 径直;直接;立刻
replace 取代
as right as rain (常用口语) 病情好转;好起来
DIA-STOP 为药品品牌,类似于“泻立停”
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